Human skull consists of 4 types of air filled spaces called as sinuses which directly connect to nasal cavity. Namely 1 frontal sinus, 3 ethmoidal sinus, 2 maxillary sinuses and 1 sphenoidal sinus; all are located in the anterior aspect of our face adjacent to the nasal cavity. They are thinly lined with mucus membranes and help in keeping a moist environment inside our nose mostly too filter pathogens entering through respiration.
If your sinuses were infected especially due to a respiratory tract infection mucus membranes inside your sinus and nasal cavities can become inflamed. This leads automatically produce elevated levels of mucus fluid from your mucus membrane that is highly sticky. Excessive mucus secretion along with swelling obstructs the passageways eventually blocking the whole site that mucus can’t get out like normally and this blockage causes sinus pressure and pain.
When the condition is too serious some people tend to blow their nose too hard to get a relief but this could further push mucus further up towards the sinuses causing more trouble. Following are some tips you can easily do yourself to get a pain relief.
• Have a long, hot shower
• Drink lots of moderately hot water
• Use a vaporizer or humidifier
• Sleep with your head elevated
Try these also at home to further ease your nasal congestion and sinus pressure.
Although it seems like little odd, this flushing out your nasal passage with salt water is a scientifically proven tip to try. Salt water can easily wash out mucus and other debris like allergens or germs keeping your nasal passages moist and calm. You can do the same thing with a neti pot, syringe or using elaborated and expensive nasal irrigators in market. Always use boiled water to form the irrigation solution. Keep in mind to rinse the irrigation device after each use and dry. Warm compresses on your face while sitting with a wet, warm towel on your face can also reduce discomfort and obstruction of your nasal passages. Avoiding chlorinated pools since chlorine in pools can irritate the mucous membranes is important during the days with increased sinus pressure. Over-the-counter drugs such as nasal sprays, antihistamines and pain relievers also can help you in controlling your symptoms if it goes severe. If you have sinus pressure for more than a week you should see your doctor. Obviously, take doctor’s consultation sooner if your symptoms are severe.